policy| prospective recruits| crime
prevention tips| child abuse tips| home
protection tips| general information|
Child Physical Abuse
Child abuse is any harm caused to, or neglect of a child by another
person, whether adult or child. Child abuse occurs in all cultural,
ethnic and income groups. Physical abuse can cause serious injury
to a child and may even result in death. With sexual abuse, the
offender is often someone the child knows.
Warning signals of Child Abuse
• Repeated bruises or injuries.
• Maintains a fearful or passive attitude.
• Behaves in a highly aggressive or destructive manner.
• Wears torn, dirty clothing all the time.
• Goes without supervision for long periods of time.
• Misses school on a regular basis.
• Lacks energy, is always hungry and looks unhealthy or
Child Sexual Abuse
There is no universal definition of child sexual abuse. However,
a central characteristic of any abuse is the dominant position
of an adult that allows him or her to force a child into sexual
Child sexual abuse may include: fondling a child’s genitals
or other body parts, masturbation, vaginal and anal intercourse.
Child sexual abuse is not solely restricted to physical contact
but to non-contact abuse such as exposure and child pornography.
Victims of Sexual Abuse
Children and adolescents regardless of race, culture or economic
status, appear to be at an approximately equal risk for sexual
Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse
A most common finding, shows that the majority of sexual offenders
are family members and persons who know the child. Sexual abuse
by strangers is not nearly as common as sexual abuse by family
members. Both men and women commit sexual abuse.
Children should be taught that they need not allow anyone to
harm them in any way. They should also feel that they can tell
you if anyone ever harms or hurts them, either by physically or
sexually abusing them.
Protect Your Children
• Never leave your child alone in a public place, whether
in a stroller or car.
• Always accompany your child to the bathroom in a public
• Get to know babysitters and your child’s older friends
before leaving them alone with your child.
• Make a list of emergency telephone numbers and place the
list, preferably near a telephone.
• Check with your trusted neighbour immediately after arriving
• Never go into your home if a door or window is ajar or
• Show them how to use door and window locks and to lock
them when they are home alone.
• Teach them the correct method of answering the telephone
and responding to a call at the door, when they are
• To avoid walking or playing alone outdoors.
• If they feel they are being followed either on foot or
by a vehicle, run to the nearest store, public place,
neighbour or crowded area.
• Always encourage them to tell you if something happened
while they were away from you that made them feel
uncomfortable in any way.
• Never go close to a vehicle with a stranger in it, because
he/she could pull them in the vehicle.
• Not to play with fire, electrical appliances, outlets,
stove, gas or other dangerous/deadly substance or
Signs of Sexual Abuse in Children
• Extreme changes in behaviour, including loss of appetite.
• Nightmares that recur, sleep patterns that are disturbed
or a fear of the dark not previously exhibited.
• Bed wetting/soiling, excessive crying or sucking the thumb.
• Underclothing that is torn or lost.
• Vaginal or rectal bleeding, itching, pain, swollen genitals
and vaginal discharge.
• Knowledge of, or unusual interest in sexual topics.
• Intense dislike or fear of a specific person.
• Sudden behavioural changes, such as poor schoolwork, withdrawal
, running away, disruptive or aggressive behaviour.
If you think that you have reason to be alarmed or you have doubts
or questions as to whether the possibility exist that a child
has been physically abused, or neglected, contact the Local Police
or other authorities.
TAKE ACTION NOW